Post Harvest Testing

Production Monitoring

During production, tests are performed to determine the optimum time to harvest, verify that the extraction is complete, monitor compositional changes during processing, and document product potency.  Mass balance tests are performed before and after extraction to ensure no loss of material throughout the process.

Post-Harvest Testing

Testing post-harvest (and pre-extraction) is performed to monitor the effects of the production process, check the moisture content, and confirm the levels of the active compounds and absence of non-compliant pesticides on the plants.

Water Testing

Moisture content in harvested plants is tested as high levels can promote growth of mold and fungus, especially during periods of long-term storage. Mycotoxins cannot be removed from plant material and are extracted along with the cannabinoids so their presence can jeopardize the purity and value of an entire crop. Moisture can also impact the various operating conditions involved in the extraction process. On the other hand, if the moisture content is too low, the essential oils will slowly degrade.

Water Testing References

Dhakal, H.N., Zhang, Z.Y. and Richardson, M.O.W., 2007, Effect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of hemp fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites, Composites science and technology, 67(7-8), pp.1674-1683
Sacilik, K., Öztürk, R. and Keskin, R., 2003, Some physical properties of hemp seed, Biosystems engineering, 86(2), pp.191-198
Kymäläinen, H.R. and Pasila, A., 2000, Equilibrium moisture content of flax/linseed and fibre hemp straw fractions, Agricultural and Food Science, 9(4), pp.259-268

Compound Testing

Post-harvest, growers need to confirm levels of CBD, CBDA, THC, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), and cannabinol (CBN). Some may want to test for the levels of as many as 10-12 compounds that may be present, but most regulations do not require it. By testing for these compounds both in the growing stage as well as post-harvest, growers and manufacturers can ensure that production processes did not negatively impact the product while ensuring products meet state labeling specifications.

Pesticide Testing

The presence and concentration of pesticides and herbicides is typically tested again post-harvest. Pesticide use is regulated at the state level and regulations vary widely. Laboratory testing confirms the existence of pesticide by type and quantity to ensure it is absent or within acceptable limits.

Pesticide Testing References

Jordan R., Asanuma L., Miller D., Macherone A., A Comprehensive Approach to Pesticide Residue Analysis in Cannabis, Cannabis Science and Technology 1(2), 26-31 (2018).
McPartland J.M., McKernan K.J., Contaminants of Concern in Cannabis: Microbes, Heavy Metals and Pesticides, Cannabis sativa l – botany and biotechnology, May 2017, pp 457-474)
Contact Us

We're not around right now. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.

Not readable? Change text. captcha txt